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Auteur Jean-Claude Gégout
LERFOB – AgroParisTech-ENGREF - Nancy.
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur (19)
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Climate change-induced background tree mortality is exacerbated towards the warm limits of the species ranges / Adrien Taccoen in Annals of Forest Science, vol 79 n° 1 (2022)
Titre : Climate change-induced background tree mortality is exacerbated towards the warm limits of the species ranges Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Adrien Taccoen, Auteur ; Christian Piedallu, Auteur ; Ingrid Seynave, Auteur ; Anne Gégout-Petit, Auteur ; Jean-Claude Gégout, Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Article en page(s) : n° 23 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] arbre mort
[Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] espèce végétale
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier national (données France)
[Termes IGN] mortalité
[Termes IGN] stress hydrique
[Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation et changement climatique
Résumé : (auteur) Key message : An influence of the recent changes in temperature or rainfall was demonstrated, increasing background tree mortality rates for 2/3 of the 12 studied tree species. Climate change-induced tree mortality was exacerbated towards the warm or dry limits of the species ranges, suggesting in these areas a progressive replacement by more xeric species.
Context : Despite the identification of climate change effects on tree mortality in various biomes, the characterization of species-specific areas of vulnerability remains poorly understood.
Aims : We sought to assess if the effects of temperature and rainfall changes on background tree mortality rates, which did not result from abrupt disturbances, were linked to climate change intensity only, or if they also depended on the tree’s location along climatic gradients.
Methods : We modelled background mortality for 12 of the most common European tree species using 265,056 trees including 4384 dead trees from the French national forest inventory. To explain mortality, we considered variables linked to tree characteristics, stand attributes, logging intensity and site environmental characteristics, and climate change effects.
Results : We found an influence of temperature and rainfall changes on 9 species out of 12. For 8 of them, climate change-induced tree mortality was exacerbated towards the warm or dry limits of the species ranges.
Conclusion : These results highlight that tree mortality varies according to the climate change intensity and the tree location along temperature and rainfall gradients. They strengthen the poleward and upward shifts of trees forecasted from climate envelope models for a large number of European tree species.
Numéro de notice : A2022-440 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1186/s13595-022-01142-y Date de publication en ligne : 30/05/2022 En ligne : http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13595-022-01142-y Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 79 n° 1 (2022) . - n° 23[article]Identification and spatial extent of understory plant species requiring vegetation control to ensure tree regeneration in French forests / Noé Dumas in Annals of Forest Science, vol 79 n° 1 (2022)
Titre : Identification and spatial extent of understory plant species requiring vegetation control to ensure tree regeneration in French forests Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Noé Dumas, Auteur ; Jean-Luc Dupouey, Auteur ; Jean-Claude Gégout, Auteur ; Vincent Boulanger, Auteur ; Jean-Daniel Bontemps , Auteur ; François Morneau , Auteur ; Marine Dalmasso , Auteur ; Catherine Collet, Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Projets : ARBRE / AgroParisTech Article en page(s) : n° 41 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] contrôle de la végétation
[Termes IGN] coopérative forestière
[Termes IGN] distribution spatiale
[Termes IGN] enquête
[Termes IGN] France (végétation)
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière durable
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier national (données France)
[Termes IGN] Molinia caerulea
[Termes IGN] propriétaire forestier
[Termes IGN] Pteridium aquilinum
[Termes IGN] régénération (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] Rubus fruticosus
[Termes IGN] sous-bois
[Vedettes matières IGN] Inventaire forestier
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Fifteen species are most susceptible to require vegetation control during tree regeneration in the range of our study. Among these 15 species, Rubus fruticosus, Pteridium aquilinum, and Molinia caerulea cover each more than 300,000 ha of open-canopy forests.
Context: Vegetation control, i.e., the reduction of competitive species cover, is often required to promote tree seedling establishment during the forest regeneration stage. The necessity to control understory vegetation largely depends on the species to be controlled. In order to plan forest renewal operations, it is critical to identify which species require vegetation control during the regeneration stage and to quantify the forest area affected by these species.
Aims: We aimed at identifying the main species requiring vegetation control and at estimating the forest area they cover at the national level.
Methods: Using National Forest Inventory data, we created four indicators based on two levels of plant cover, cross-referenced with two levels of canopy opening, and compared them to the outcome of a survey of forest manager practices.
Results: The best indicator was the one that represented the proportion of forests with open canopy where the species was present with a large cover in the understory. In non-Mediterranean France, according to the indicator, a total of 15 species were found to frequently require vegetation control during the tree regeneration stage. Pteridium aquilinum, Molinia caerulea, and Rubus fruticosus were the main species, and each covered more than 300,000 ha of forest with open canopies, representing about 13% of the total forest area with open canopies outside of the Mediterranean area.
Conclusions: Forests covered by species requiring vegetation control according to forest managers represent a large share of the forest area undergoing regeneration. This study provides the first list of species that require vegetation control based on a methodological protocol that makes it possible to calculate the area associated with each species.
Numéro de notice : A2022-730 Affiliation des auteurs : LIF+Ext (2020- ) Autre URL associée : vers HAL Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1186/s13595-022-01160-w Date de publication en ligne : 22/09/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-022-01160-w Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 79 n° 1 (2022) . - n° 41[article]Optimal resolution of soil properties maps varies according to their geographical extent and location / Christian Piedallu in Geoderma, vol 412 (15 April 2022)
Titre : Optimal resolution of soil properties maps varies according to their geographical extent and location Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Christian Piedallu, Auteur ; Eloïse Pedersoli, Auteur ; Emeline Chaste, Auteur ; François Morneau , Auteur ; Ingrid Seynave, Auteur ; Jean-Claude Gégout, Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Projets : 3-projet - voir note / AgroParisTech Article en page(s) : n° 115723 Note générale : bibliographie
This study was funded through the Rescale project by the Regional Council of Grand-Est (“Region Grand-Est”) and the “Direction de l’Agriculture et de la Forêt (DRAF) “Grand-Est.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Cartographie thématique
[Termes IGN] azote
[Termes IGN] carbone
[Termes IGN] carte pédologique
[Termes IGN] échelle cartographique
[Termes IGN] Grand Est (région 2016)
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier national (données France)
[Termes IGN] pédologie locale
[Termes IGN] potentiel hydrogène
[Termes IGN] précision cartographique
Résumé : (auteur) The important development of digital soil mapping (DSM) these last decades has led to a large number of maps of soil properties with increasingly finer raster size. Map resolution is mostly determined by expert knowledge or by matching with the resolution of existing data, while scale is recognized as a major issue. Using the pH and the C/N ratio describing the surface horizon of forest soils and estimated by bioindication, we evaluated the effect of resolution changes on model and map performance for different geographical extents. Using 40,663 plots from the national forest inventory and 25 environmental variables calculated at eight different spatial resolution levels (50, 100, 250, 500, 1000, 8000, 16,000, and 50,000 m), we modeled and mapped pH and C/N over a vast and diversified area of 91,000 km2 in the north-east of France. The models highlighted the importance of geology in pH and C/N spatial variations, and to a lesser extent the importance of stand type, climate and topography, with a slight influence of data resolution on predictor selection. On the contrary, the accuracy of model or map performance decreased significantly above 1000 m resolution. Significant performance differences were observed according to the location and the size of the geographical extent. Globally, the more heterogeneous environmental characteristics and the smaller the geographical extent, the better fine spatial resolution performed. In addition, the aggregation of fine-resolution pH or C/N maps at a coarser cell size improved map performance as compared to the direct use of the coarse-resolution predictors. The impact of resolution changes on map accuracy varies according to the mapping procedure, the local environment, and the geographical extent, and should be evaluated in DSM studies to optimize map accuracy. Numéro de notice : A2022-141 Affiliation des auteurs : IGN+Ext (2020- ) Autre URL associée : vers HAL Thématique : FORET/GEOMATIQUE Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.115723 Date de publication en ligne : 01/02/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.115723 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Geoderma > vol 412 (15 April 2022) . - n° 115723[article]A limited number of species is sufficient to assign a vegetation plot to a forest vegetation unit / Lise Maciejewski in Applied Vegetation Science, vol 25 n° 1 (January/March 2022)
Titre : A limited number of species is sufficient to assign a vegetation plot to a forest vegetation unit Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Lise Maciejewski, Auteur ; Paulina E. Pinto, Auteur ; Stéphanie Wurpillot , Auteur ; Jacques Drapier , Auteur ; Serge Cadet, Auteur ; Serge Muller, Auteur ; Pierre Agou, Auteur ; Benoit Renaux, Auteur ; Jean-Claude Gégout, Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Projets : ARBRE / AgroParisTech Article en page(s) : n° e12650 Note générale : bibliographie
This study was supported by the French National Institute for Agricultural, Food and Environmental Research (Forest Grassland and Freshwater Ecology Department, EFPA) through the ONF- INRAE Interface Grant N° 12000381 ‘Station, distribution, croissance et choix des essences dans un contexte environnemental changeant’, and by the French National Research Agency (ANR) through the Laboratory of Excellence ARBRE (ANR-12-LABXARBRE-01).
Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] France (administrative)
[Termes IGN] phytosociologie
[Termes IGN] unité phytosociologique
[Vedettes matières IGN] Botanique
Résumé : (auteur) Aims : Inventorying the habitats composing Natura 2000 sites is mandatory in the European Union and is necessary to implement relevant conservation measures. Vegetation plots, recording the presence or abundance of all plant species co-occurring within a plot, are currently used to identify terrestrial Natura 2000 habitat types, whose descriptions are mainly based on phytosociological units. However, vegetation plots are time-consuming and frequently restricted to the growing season. Moreover, no vegetation plots can be regarded as exhaustive, and significant inter-observer variation has been highlighted. We studied whether reducing the number of recorded species and the time spent carrying out a vegetation plot had an impact on vegetation unit assignment using species presence. We also studied if vegetation plots recorded in winter could be used for vegetation unit assignment.
Location : Mainland France.
Methods : We used 273 vegetation plots covering French temperate and mountainous forests. The time at which species were sighted was recorded. We also estimated whether a species was recognisable in winter. We used a classification program to compare assignments based on complete and incomplete vegetation plots.
Results : Ten species and five minutes were sufficient to assign a plot to an association, and to an alliance, seven species and four minutes. Vegetation unit assignment proved feasible in winter, especially at the alliance level.
Conclusions : We confirmed that a limited number of species is sufficient to assign vegetation plots to vegetation units. However, mapping habitats requires habitat identification and delimitation. This study confirms current field habits, particularly when creating a habitat map, usually based on a limited number of recorded species. Lastly, it confirms that the use of vegetation plots coming from a great variety of sources is relevant to create habitat time series, crucial tools for monitoring habitats at a national scale.
Numéro de notice : A2022-455 Affiliation des auteurs : IGN+Ext (2020- ) Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1111/avsc.12650 Date de publication en ligne : 26/02/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12650 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Applied Vegetation Science > vol 25 n° 1 (January/March 2022) . - n° e12650[article]Beech and hornbeam dominate oak 20 years after the creation of storm-induced gaps / Lucie Dietz in Forest ecology and management, vol 503 (January-1 2022)
Titre : Beech and hornbeam dominate oak 20 years after the creation of storm-induced gaps Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Lucie Dietz, Auteur ; Jean-Claude Gégout, Auteur ; Jean-Luc Dupouey, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Article en page(s) : n° 119758 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Carpinus betulus
[Termes IGN] croissance des arbres
[Termes IGN] Fagus sylvatica
[Termes IGN] France (administrative)
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière adaptative
[Termes IGN] peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] Quercus pedunculata
[Termes IGN] Quercus sessiliflora
[Termes IGN] régénération (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] tempête
[Termes IGN] tempête Lothar de 1999
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) Oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. and Quercus robur L. grouped), European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) are three major species of western and central European forests. When conditions are suitable for the three species, silvicultural management often favours oak because of its greater economic interest. Forest managers know that beech and hornbeam are strong competitors for oak during the regeneration phase, but the conditions that influence the relative success of the regeneration of the three species growing in mixture are still poorly characterised. The natural regeneration of the three species 20 years after canopy openings was studied based on 108 study sites established in 2001 in French forests impacted by the windstorms Lothar and Martin in 1999. In spring and summer 2018 and 2019, all saplings over 0.1 m in height were counted, species were identified and diameter at breast height (DBH) was measured for all saplings over 1.30 m. The height of the saplings with the highest and median DBH in each plot was recorded for each species. Mixed models were used to analyse the combined effects of former stand type, distance from the edge of the gap and soil conditions on species presence, sapling abundance, DBH and height. The modelling approach highlighted the preponderant role of the initial seed rain on the presence and sapling density of the three species compared to interspecific competition or distance from the edge. The two latter factors had a secondary effect on sapling DBH and height. Beech and hornbeam saplings were more abundant than oak saplings regardless of soil conditions (on average, 3097, 3063 and 344 saplings ha−1, respectively), suggesting a strong competitive ability of these two species. Oak was present on 22% (43% for hornbeam and 68% for beech) of the studied plots, at a low density but with a height and DBH similar to that of beech or hornbeam. This result highlights the high dissemination capacity of beech and hornbeam, which prevents the establishment of a stand dominated by oak. When seeking to obtain oak-dominated stands in the lowlands of Europe, the abundance of beech and hornbeam can be a limiting factor that could lead to the disappearance of oak from large areas if no silvicultural operations are performed to promote it. Numéro de notice : A2022-012 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119758 Date de publication en ligne : 09/10/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119758 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 503 (January-1 2022) . - n° 119758[article]Vegetation unit assignments: phytosociology experts and classification programs show similar performance but low convergence / Lise Maciejewski in Applied Vegetation Science, vol 23 n° 4 (October 2020)PermalinkDynamique spontanée post-tempête de la végétation forestière en contexte de changement climatique / Lucie Dietz (2020)PermalinkFaut-il des relevés de flore exhaustifs pour caractériser et cartographier l'acidité et les propriétés nutritionnelles des sols ? / Paulina E. Pinto in Rendez-vous techniques, n° 61-62 (hiver - printemps 2019)PermalinkBackground mortality drivers of European tree species: climate change matters / Adrien Taccoen in Proceedings of the Royal society B : Biological sciences, Vol 286 n° 1900 (April 2019)PermalinkOptimizing the bioindication of forest soil acidity, nitrogen and mineral nutrition using plant species / Paulina E. Pinto in Ecological indicators, vol 71 (December 2016)PermalinkEcological constraints increase the climatic debt in forests / Romain Bertrand in Nature communications, vol 7 (2016)PermalinkInvestigating the possible impact of atmospheric CO2 increase on Araucaria araucana wood density / Paulina E. Pinto in European Journal of Forest Research, vol 135 n° 2 (April 2016)PermalinkSoil water balance performs better than climatic water variables in tree species distribution modelling / Christian Piedallu in Global ecology and biogeography, vol 22 n° 4 (April 2013)PermalinkAbundance response of western European forest species along canopy openness and soil pH gradients / Rosalinde van Couwenberghe in Forest ecology and management, vol 262 n° 8 ([15/10/2011])PermalinkImpact potentiel du changement climatique sur la distribution de l’Épicéa, du Sapin, du Hêtre et du Chêne sessile en France / Christian Piedallu in Revue forestière française, vol 61 n° 6 (novembre - décembre 2009)Permalink