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Auteur Vincent Boulanger
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Canopy openness and exclusion of wild ungulates act synergistically to improve oak natural regeneration / Julien Barrere in Forest ecology and management, Vol 487 ([01/05/2021])
Titre : Canopy openness and exclusion of wild ungulates act synergistically to improve oak natural regeneration Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Julien Barrere, Auteur ; Linda K. Petersson, Auteur ; Vincent Boulanger, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Article en page(s) : n° 118976 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] canopée
[Termes IGN] Cervidae
[Termes IGN] dynamique de la végétation
[Termes IGN] France (administrative)
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière
[Termes IGN] Quercus pedunculata
[Termes IGN] Quercus sessiliflora
[Termes IGN] régénération (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] Suède
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) The recruitment of forest trees is driven by both bottom-up processes (the acquisition of resources) and top-down processes (herbivory). To initiate stand regeneration, foresters commonly reduce tree density to increase light levels for seedlings and enhance primary productivity. These changes in vegetation dynamics, however, could also influence effects of ungulate browsing, resulting in unintended consequences for forest management. Here, we assessed how effects of ungulate exclusion and canopy opening interacted to affect the regeneration of two oak species: Quercus robur and Quercus petraea. We monitored the growth and survival of oak seedlings for two to three growth seasons in paired fenced and unfenced plots under contrasting conditions of canopy openness (8% to 52%) at five sites in southern Sweden and three sites in northeastern France. We scored browsing in the unfenced plots by the four cervids occurring in these areas (Alces alces, Capreolus capreolus, Cervus elaphus and Dama dama). Fencing increased the growth of (mostly taller) seedlings occurring in Sweden and the survival of (mostly smaller) seedlings in France. Both effects increased as canopies became more open. Browsing reduced oak seedling growth in both countries, independently of canopy openness. Canopy openness increased browsing levels in Sweden. Cervid densities did not appear to modify how fencing affected oak seedling growth and survival. In both contrasting forest environments, creating gaps tended to enhance ungulate damage on young forest stands as browsing frequency increased. We conclude that net forest regeneration reflects a subtle equilibrium between enhancing resource availability, boosting seedling growth, and limiting herbivory, which curtails seedling growth and survival. Numéro de notice : A2021-356 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.118976 date de publication en ligne : 15/02/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.118976 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > Vol 487 [01/05/2021] . - n° 118976[article]Decreasing deer browsing pressure influenced understory vegetation dynamics over 30 years / Vincent Boulanger in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 72 n° 3 (May 2015)
Titre : Decreasing deer browsing pressure influenced understory vegetation dynamics over 30 years Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Vincent Boulanger, Auteur ; Christophe Baltzinger, Auteur ; Sonia Saïd, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : pp 367 - 378 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation Résumé : (auteur) Context and aims : High deer populations alter forest understory dynamics worldwide. However, no study ever attempted to rank the importance of deer herbivory relatively to other environmental drivers. In the Arc-en-Barrois National Forest (France), we investigated whether (i) deer browsing is a critical driver of vegetation composition and dynamics, (ii) the vegetation communities recover after a decrease in deer populations.
Methods : In 2006, we resurveyed 321 plots from a network of 1027 plots where vegetation composition and browsing pressure was first assessed in 1976. We used coinertia analysis to identify the gradients in vegetation composition in 1976, when abiotic variables were also recorded. We assessed shifts in plant community composition using mean Ellenberg indicator values, analysed plot scores shifts along the axes of the coinertia analysis and correlated these shifts with changes in browsing pressure.
Results : Two major gradients determined vegetation composition in 1976: edaphic variables (nitrogen availability and soil moisture) and browsing pressure. Over the next 30 years, we noticed a strong increase in nitrophilous plant species frequency and community composition shifted towards lightly browsed characteristics, accompanying a decrease in browsing pressure. Shifts in community composition were significantly correlated with the intensity of changes in browsing pressure, showing that deer population dynamics were a determinant driver of changes in plant assemblages.
Conclusion : Our results provide evidence for a structuring effect of deer browsing on vegetation composition, once forest site variations (soil moisture and nitrogen) were accounted for. We observed an incomplete recovery of the communities 25 years after the reduction of deer densities, suggesting a delayed response to deer population reduction. Long-term monitoring of forest biodiversity should therefore include browsing pressure assessment to control for potential effects of wild ungulates.
Numéro de notice : A2015-455 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Nature : Article DOI : 10.1007/s13595-014-0431-z date de publication en ligne : 18/11/2014 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-014-0431-z Format de la ressource électronique : URL Article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne] > vol 72 n° 3 (May 2015) . - pp 367 - 378[article]