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Auteur M. Hayn
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Comparative study of temporal variations in the earth’s gravity field using GRACE gravity models in the regions of three recent giant earthquakes / V.O. Mikhailov in Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, vol 50 n° 2 (March 2014)
Titre : Comparative study of temporal variations in the earth’s gravity field using GRACE gravity models in the regions of three recent giant earthquakes Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : V.O. Mikhailov, Auteur ; Isabelle Panet , Auteur ; M. Hayn, Auteur ; E. P. Timoshkina, Auteur ; Sylvain Bonvalot, Auteur ; V. Lyakhovsky, Auteur ; Michel Diament, Auteur ; Olivier de Viron, Auteur Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : pp 177 - 191 Note générale : bibliographie
Original Russian Text © V.O. Mikhailov, I. Panet, M. Hayn, E.P. Timoshkina, S. Bonvalot, V. Lyakhovsky, M. Diament, O. de Viron, 2014, published in Fizika Zemli, 2014, No. 2, pp. 187–198.
Langues : Anglais (eng) Résumé : (auteur) Comparative analysis of coseismic and postseismic variations of the Earth’s gravity field is carried for the regions of three giant earthquakes (Andaman-Sumatra, December 26, 2004, magnitude M w = 9.1; Maule-Chile, February 27, 2010, M w = 8.8, and Tohoku-Oki, March 11, 2011, M w = 9.0) with the use of GRACE satellite data. Within the resolution of GRACE models, the coseismic changes of gravity caused by these seismic events manifest themselves by large negative anomalies located in the rear of the subduction zone. The real data are compared with the synthetic anomalies calculated from the rupture surface models based on different kinds of ground measurements. It is shown that the difference between the gravity anomalies corresponding to different rupture surface models exceeds the uncertainties of the GRACE data. There-fore, the coseismic gravity anomalies are at least suitable for rejecting part of the models that are equivalent in the ground data. Within the first few months after the Andaman-Sumatra earthquake, a positive gravity anomaly started to grow above the deep trench. This anomaly rapidly captured the area of the back-arc basin and largely compensated the negative coseismic anomaly. The processes of viscoelastic stress relaxation do not fully allow for these rapid changes of gravity. According to the calculations, even with a sufficiently low viscosity of the upper mantle, relaxation only covers about a half of the observed change of the field. In order to explain the remaining temporal variations, we suggested the process of downdip propagation of the coseismic rupture surface. The feasibility of such a process was supported by numerical simulations. The sum of the gravity anomalies caused by this process and the anomaly generated by the processes of viscoelastic relaxation accounts well for the observed changes of the gravity field in the region of the earthquake. The similar postseismic changes of gravity were also detected for the region of the Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Just as in the case discussed above, this earthquake was also followed by a rapid growth of a positive postseismic anomaly, which partially counterbalanced the negative coseismic anomaly. The time variations of the gravity field in the region of the Maule-Chile earthquake differ from the pattern of changes observed in the island arcs described above. The postseismic gravity variations are in this case concentrated in a narrower band above the deep trench and shelf, and they do not spread over the continental territory, where the negative coseismic anomaly is located. These discrepancies reflect the difference in the geodynamical settings of the studied earthquakes. Numéro de notice : A2014-657 Thématique : POSITIONNEMENT Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1134/S1069351314020062 date de publication en ligne : 07/03/2014 En ligne : http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1069351314020062 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth > vol 50 n° 2 (March 2014) . - pp 177 - 191[article]Wavelet‐based directional analysis of the gravity field : evidence for large‐scale undulations / M. Hayn in Geophysical journal international, vol 189 n° 3 (June 2012)
Titre : Wavelet‐based directional analysis of the gravity field : evidence for large‐scale undulations Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : M. Hayn, Auteur ; Isabelle Panet , Auteur ; Michel Diament, Auteur ; Matthias Holschneider, Auteur ; Mioara Mandea, Auteur ; Anne Davaille Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : pp 1430 - 1456 Note générale : Bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Géodésie physique
[Termes descripteurs IGN] anomalie de pesanteur
[Termes descripteurs IGN] données GRACE
[Termes descripteurs IGN] manteau terrestre
[Termes descripteurs IGN] modèle de géopotentiel
[Termes descripteurs IGN] ondelette d'Abel-Poisson
[Termes descripteurs IGN] Pacifique (océan)
[Termes descripteurs IGN] subduction
[Termes descripteurs IGN] transformation en ondelettes
Résumé : (Auteur) In the eighties, the analysis of satellite altimetry data leads to the major discovery of gravity lineations in the oceans, with wavelengths between 200 and 1400 km. While the existence of the 200 km scale undulations is widely accepted, undulations at scales larger than 400 km are still a matter of debate. In this paper, we revisit the topic of the large‐scale geoid undulations over the oceans in the light of the satellite gravity data provided by the GRACE mission, considerably more precise than the altimetry data at wavelengths larger than 400 km.
First, we develop a dedicated method of directional Poisson wavelet analysis on the sphere with significance testing, in order to detect and characterize directional structures in geophysical data on the sphere at different spatial scales. This method is particularly well suited for potential field analysis. We validate it on a series of synthetic tests, and then apply it to analyze recent gravity models, as well as a bathymetry data set independent from gravity. Our analysis confirms the existence of gravity undulations at large scale in the oceans, with characteristic scales between 600 and 2000 km. Their direction correlates well with present‐day plate motion over the Pacific ocean, where they are particularly clear, and associated with a conjugate direction at 1500 km scale. A major finding is that the 2000 km scale geoid undulations dominate and had never been so clearly observed previously. This is due to the great precision of GRACE data at those wavelengths. Given the large scale of these undulations, they are most likely related to mantle processes. Taking into account observations and models from other geophysical information, as seismological tomography, convection and geochemical models and electrical conductivity in the mantle, we conceive that all these inputs indicate a directional fabric of the mantle flows at depth, reflecting how the history of subduction influences the organization of lower mantle upwellings.
Numéro de notice : A2012-742 Thématique : POSITIONNEMENT Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05455.x date de publication en ligne : 19/04/2012 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05455.x Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Geophysical journal international > vol 189 n° 3 (June 2012) . - pp 1430 - 1456[article]