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Auteur Tron Eid
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Natural disturbances risks in European boreal and temperate forests and their links to climate change : A review of modelling approaches / Joyce Machado Nunes Romeiro in Forest ecology and management, vol 509 (1 April 2022)
Titre : Natural disturbances risks in European boreal and temperate forests and their links to climate change : A review of modelling approaches Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Joyce Machado Nunes Romeiro, Auteur ; Tron Eid, Auteur ; Clara Antón-Fernández, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2022 Article en page(s) : n° 120071 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] dommage forestier causé par facteurs naturels
[Termes IGN] foresterie
[Termes IGN] forêt boréale
[Termes IGN] forêt tempérée
[Termes IGN] gelée
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière adaptative
[Termes IGN] incendie de forêt
[Termes IGN] maladie parasitaire
[Termes IGN] modèle de simulation
[Termes IGN] modélisation
[Termes IGN] risque naturel
[Termes IGN] Scolytinae
[Termes IGN] sécheresse
[Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation et changement climatique
Résumé : (auteur) It is expected that European Boreal and Temperate forests will be greatly affected by climate change, causing natural disturbances to increase in frequency and severity. To detangle how, through forest management, we can make forests less vulnerable to the impact of natural disturbances, we need to include the risks of such disturbances in our decision-making tools. The present review investigates: i) how the most important forestry-related natural disturbances are linked to climate change, and ii) different modelling approaches that assess the risks of natural disturbances and their applicability for large-scale forest management planning. Global warming will decrease frozen soil periods, which increases root rot, snow, ice and wind damage, cascading into an increment of bark beetle damage. Central Europe will experience a decrease in precipitation and increase in temperature, which lowers tree defenses against bark beetles and increases root rot infestations. Ice and wet snow damages are expected to increase in Northern Boreal forests, and to reduce in Temperate and Southern Boreal forests. However, lack of snow cover may increase cases of frost-damaged seedlings. The increased temperatures and drought periods, together with a fuel increment from other disturbances, likely enhance wildfire risk, especially for Temperate forests. For the review of European modelling approaches, thirty-nine disturbance models were assessed and categorized according to their required input variables and to the models’ outputs. Probability models are usually common for all disturbance model approaches, however, models that predict disturbance effects seem to be scarce. Numéro de notice : A2022-190 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/MATHEMATIQUE Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120071 Date de publication en ligne : 10/02/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120071 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 509 (1 April 2022) . - n° 120071[article]Above- and belowground tree biomass models for three mangrove species in Tanzania: a nonlinear mixed effects modelling approach / Marco Andrew Njana in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 73 n° 2 (June 2016)
Titre : Above- and belowground tree biomass models for three mangrove species in Tanzania: a nonlinear mixed effects modelling approach Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Marco Andrew Njana, Auteur ; Ole Martin Bollandsås, Auteur ; Tron Eid, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : pp 353 - 369 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation
[Termes IGN] biomasse forestière
[Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] état de surface du sol
[Termes IGN] mangrove
[Termes IGN] sol forestier
[Termes IGN] sous-sol
[Termes IGN] surveillance de la végétation
[Termes IGN] Tanzanie
[Termes IGN] teneur en carbone
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Tested on data from Tanzania, both existing species-specific and common biomass models developed elsewhere revealed statistically significant large prediction errors. Species-specific and common above- and belowground biomass models for three mangrove species were therefore developed. The species-specific models fitted better to data than the common models. The former models are recommended for accurate estimation of biomass stored in mangrove forests of Tanzania.
Context: Mangroves are essential for climate change mitigation through carbon storage and sequestration. Biomass models are important tools for quantifying biomass and carbon stock. While numerous aboveground biomass models exist, very few studies have focused on belowground biomass, and among these, mangroves of Africa are hardly or not represented.
Aims: The aims of the study were to develop above- and belowground biomass models and to evaluate the predictive accuracy of existing aboveground biomass models developed for mangroves in other regions and neighboring countries when applied on data from Tanzania.
Methods: Data was collected through destructive sampling of 120 trees (aboveground biomass), among these 30 trees were sampled for belowground biomass. The data originated from four sites along the Tanzanian coastline covering three dominant species: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh, Sonneratia alba J. Smith, and Rhizophora mucronata Lam. The biomass models were developed through mixed modelling leading to fixed effects/common models and random effects/species-specific models.
Results: Both the above- and belowground biomass models improved when random effects (species) were considered. Inclusion of total tree height as predictor variable, in addition to diameter at breast height alone, further improved the model predictive accuracy. The tests of existing models from other regions on our data generally showed large and significant prediction errors for aboveground tree biomass.
Conclusion: Inclusion of random effects resulted into improved goodness of fit for both above- and belowground biomass models. Species-specific models therefore are recommended for accurate biomass estimation of mangrove forests in Tanzania for both management and ecological applications. For belowground biomass (S. alba) however, the fixed effects/common model is recommended.
Numéro de notice : A2016-352 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1007/s13595-015-0524-3 Date de publication en ligne : 14/10/2015 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-015-0524-3 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne] > vol 73 n° 2 (June 2016) . - pp 353 - 369[article]