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Auteur Jan Frouz
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Above-ground and below-ground competition between the willow Salix caprea and its understorey / Ondřej Mudrák in Journal of vegetation science, vol 27 n° 1 (January 2016)
Titre : Above-ground and below-ground competition between the willow Salix caprea and its understorey Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Ondřej Mudrák, Auteur ; Markéta Hermová, Auteur ; Cecilie Tesnerová, Auteur ; Jana Rydlová, Auteur ; Jan Frouz, Auteur Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : pp 156 - 164 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes descripteurs IGN] composition floristique
[Termes descripteurs IGN] mine
[Termes descripteurs IGN] plante herbacée
[Termes descripteurs IGN] République Tchèque
[Termes descripteurs IGN] Salix caprea
[Termes descripteurs IGN] sous-bois
[Vedettes matières IGN] Ecologie forestière
Résumé : (auteur) Questions : Has the observed decline in the willow Salix caprea L., one of the most common colonizers of post-mining sites in Central Europe, contributed to changes in the rest of the plant community on post-mining sites? How does S. caprea modify its understorey? How is the understorey vegetation affected by above-ground and below-ground competition with S. caprea?
Location : Heaps after coal mining near Sokolov, Czech Republic (50°14′21″ N, 12°40′45″ E).
Methods : The effects of above-ground and below-ground competition with the willow S. caprea on its understorey plant community were studied in un-reclaimed post-mining sites. Below-ground competition was evaluated by comparing (1) frames inserted into the soil that excluded woody roots (frame treatment), (2) frames that initially excluded woody root growth but then allowed regrowth of the roots (open-frame treatment), and (3) undisturbed soil (no-frame treatment). These treatments were combined with S. caprea thinning to assess the effect of above-ground competition.
Results : Three years after the start of the experiment, above-ground competition from S. caprea (as modified by thinning of the S. caprea canopy) had not affected understorey biomass or species number, but had affected species composition. In contrast, below-ground competition significantly affected both the above-ground and below-ground biomass of the understorey. The above-ground biomass of the understorey was larger in the frame treatment (which excluded woody roots) than in the other two treatments. The below-ground biomass of the understorey was larger in the frame than in the open-frame treatment. Unlike above-ground competition (light availability), below-ground competition did not affect understorey species composition.
Conclusions : Our results suggest that S. caprea is an important component during plant succession on post-mining sites because it considerably modifies its understorey plant community. Below-ground competition is a major reason for the low cover and biomass of the herbaceous understorey in S. caprea stands on post-mining sites.
Numéro de notice : A2016-362 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article En ligne : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12330 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Journal of vegetation science > vol 27 n° 1 (January 2016) . - pp 156 - 164[article]