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Auteur Kan Wang
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Advanced modeling and algorithms for high-precision GNSS analysis / Kan Wang (2016)
Titre : Advanced modeling and algorithms for high-precision GNSS analysis Type de document : Thèse/HDR Auteurs : Kan Wang, Auteur Editeur : Zurich : Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule ETH - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Zurich EPFZ Année de publication : 2016 Collection : Dissertationen ETH num. 23188 Note générale : bibliographie
thesis submitted to attain the degree of doctor of sciences of ETH Zurich
Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes descripteurs IGN] ambiguïté entière
[Termes descripteurs IGN] antenne GPS
[Termes descripteurs IGN] centre de phase
[Termes descripteurs IGN] données BeiDou
[Termes descripteurs IGN] données Galileo
[Termes descripteurs IGN] données GPS
[Termes descripteurs IGN] double différence
[Termes descripteurs IGN] erreur systématique
[Termes descripteurs IGN] GPS en mode différentiel
[Termes descripteurs IGN] horloge
[Termes descripteurs IGN] phase GNSS
[Termes descripteurs IGN] positionnement cinématique
[Termes descripteurs IGN] récepteur GNSS
[Termes descripteurs IGN] récepteur trifréquence
[Termes descripteurs IGN] résolution d'ambiguïté
[Termes descripteurs IGN] retard ionosphèrique
[Termes descripteurs IGN] Suisse
[Termes descripteurs IGN] trajet multiple
[Vedettes matières IGN] Traitement de données GNSS
Résumé : (auteur) In the recent ten years, the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) processing has experienced a fast development in many areas including the increasing number of frequencies, the higher quality of positioning instruments, e.g. the receiver clocks and the satellite clocks, and more integrated modeling and calculation strategies. This thesis includes investigations of different modeling and parameterization methods in modern GNSS positioning with the focus on three important positioning error sources: the receiver clock errors, the phase ambiguities and the ionospheric delays.
The thesis shows that making use of the high-quality receiver clocks and applying appropriate receiver clock modeling can help to improve the kinematic height estimates, which are highly correlated with the receiver clock parameters. An efficient pre-elimination and back-substitution strategy of epoch parameters with relative clock constraints between subsequent and near-subsequent epochs has been developed to enable processing of, e.g., high-rate data. A detailed analysis of the relationship between the clock quality and the improvement of kinematic heights has been performed. Studies were also conducted to decorrelate the receiver clock parameters, the kinematic heights and the troposphere parameters. Experiments with real data have shown that appropriate deterministic and stochastic clock models can also be helpful to increase the resolution of the estimated Zenith Path Delay (ZPD) parameters without obvious degradation of the stability of the kinematic heights.
The second aspect of the thesis focuses on the resolution of triple-frequency phase ambiguities with different linear combinations. A complete analytical investigation of Geometry-Free (GF) and Ionosphere-Free (IF) triple-frequency phase ambiguity resolution with minimized noise level has been performed for different frequency triplets. The analysis was done separately for the best two linear combinations and the third one. Experiments have shown that the fractional parts and the formal errors of the combined ambiguities of the best two linear combinations are relatively small for Galileo E1, E5b and E5a and GPS L1, L2 and L5 triplets, while the third linear combination remains a challenge. Further analysis with the geostationary satellites of the Beidou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) elaborated in the framework of this thesis has also confirmed that the combined ambiguities from the best two GF and IF linear combinations can be fixed by rounding, while the estimated ambiguities on L1 have relatively large deviations from the values obtained from the traditional dual-frequency double-difference ambiguity resolution. Apart from the triple-frequency ambiguity resolution on the double-difference level, the so-called track-to-track ambiguities between different tracks of the same receiver and the same satellite have also been investigated for the best two triple-frequency linear combinations using GPS L1, L2 and L5 as well as Galileo E1, E5b and E5a observations. The outcome demonstrates that elevation-dependent influences on the observations like Phase Center Variations (PCVs), Phase Center Offsets (PCOs) and multipath are important for the fixing of the track-to-track ambiguities.
The combined track-to-track ambiguities using the best two linear combinations are also effective in detecting problems in the observation data.
The third aspect of the thesis includes the investigation of the differential ionospheric delays and gradients in the region of Switzerland from 1999 to 2013. In differential Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning, the ionospheric delays for short baselines are in most cases small enough to be ignored, except under extreme conditions, e.g., during ionospheric stormy days, and for applications with high integrity requirements, e.g., during approach and landing of aircrafts. This thesis introduces an algorithm using double-difference phase measurements with resolved phase ambiguities and global ionosphere maps provided by the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) to extract the single-difference ionospheric delays, and enabling an automatic and robust processing of the data over 15 years. The results show that the daily maximum slant ionospheric gradients calculated from the differential slant ionopheric delays and the baseline lengths from 1999 to 2013 are below the slant ionosphere gradient boundary of the Conterminous United States (CONUS) ionospheric anomaly threat model.
Numéro de notice : 17250 Thématique : POSITIONNEMENT Nature : Thèse étrangère Note de thèse : dissertation : sciences : ETH Zurich : 2016 En ligne : http://dx.doi.org/10.3929/ethz-a-010610972 Format de la ressource électronique : URL Permalink :