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Auteur Miquel De Cáceres
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Prescribed fire after thinning increased resistance of sub-Mediterranean pine forests to drought events and wildfires / Lena Vilà-Vilardell in Forest ecology and management, vol 527 (January-1 2023)
Titre : Prescribed fire after thinning increased resistance of sub-Mediterranean pine forests to drought events and wildfires Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Lena Vilà-Vilardell, Auteur ; Miquel De Cáceres, Auteur ; Míriam Piqué, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 120602 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] brûlis
[Termes IGN] éclaircie (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] incendie de forêt
[Termes IGN] Pinus nigra
[Termes IGN] sécheresse
[Termes IGN] sous-étage
[Termes IGN] stress hydrique
[Termes IGN] structure d'un peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] vulnérabilité
[Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation et changement climatique
Résumé : (auteur) Vegetation structure affects the vulnerability of a forest to drought events and wildfires. Management decisions, such as thinning intensity and type of understory treatment, influence competition for water resources and amount of fuel available. While heavy thinning effectively reduces tree water stress and intensity of a crown fire, the duration of these benefits may be limited by a fast growth response of the understory. Our aim was to study the effect of forest structure on pine forests vulnerability to extreme drought events and on the potential wildfire behaviour after management, with a special focus on the role of the understory. In three sub-Mediterranean sites of NE Spain dominated by Pinus nigra, two intensities of thinning (light: aiming at 70–75% canopy cover; and heavy: aiming at 50–60% canopy cover) followed by two understory treatments (mechanical only and mechanical plus prescribed burning) were applied, resulting in four differently managed stands plus an untreated control per site. Four to five years after management, we measured forest structure (overstory in one 314 m2 circular plot and understory in 20 quadrats of 1 m2 per treatment unit) and fuel load (in two 10 m transects per treatment unit) and simulated water balance and fire behaviour under extreme weather conditions. Understory contribution was assessed comparing the real structure with a virtual forest stand where understory vegetation equalled the one of the untreated control. Our results suggest that the resulting mid-term structure following treatments effectively reduced water stress and fire behaviour compared with untreated control, and that the most effective treatments were the ones where prescribed burning was applied after light or heavy thinning. While understory clearing contributes to increase the resistance to both disturbances, an additive effect of burning the debris reduced the vulnerability to drought and wildfires after treatments. Our study highlights the importance of managing the understory to further increase forest resistance to both disturbances. Numéro de notice : A2023-030 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120602 Date de publication en ligne : 08/11/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120602 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 527 (January-1 2023) . - n° 120602[article]A general method for the classification of forest stands using species composition and vertical and horizontal structure / Miquel De Cáceres in Annals of Forest Science, vol 76 n° 2 (June 2019)
Titre : A general method for the classification of forest stands using species composition and vertical and horizontal structure Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Miquel De Cáceres, Auteur ; Santiago Martín-Alcón, Auteur ; José Ramon Gonzalez-Olabarria, Auteur ; Lluis Coll, Auteur Année de publication : 2019 Note générale : Bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] analyse bivariée
[Termes IGN] analyse univariée
[Termes IGN] Catalogne (Espagne)
[Termes IGN] composition floristique
[Termes IGN] diamètre des arbres
[Termes IGN] hauteur des arbres
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier (techniques et méthodes)
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier étranger (données)
[Termes IGN] peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] similitude
[Termes IGN] structure d'un peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] typologie forestière
[Vedettes matières IGN] Inventaire forestier
Résumé : (Auteur) Context : Forest typologies are useful for many purposes, including forest mapping, assessing habitat quality, studying forest dynamics, or defining sustainable management strategies. Quantitative typologies meant for forestry applications normally focus on horizontal and vertical structure of forest plots as main classification criteria, with species composition often playing a secondary role. The selection of relevant variables is often idiosyncratic and influenced by a priori expectations of the forest types to be distinguished.
Aims : We present a general framework to define forest typologies where the dissimilarity between forest stands is assessed using coefficients that integrate the information of species composition with the univariate distribution of tree diameters or heights or the bivariate distribution of tree diameters and heights.
Methods : We illustrate our proposal with the classification of forest inventory plots in Catalonia (NE Spain), comparing the results obtained using the bivariate distribution of diameters and heights to those obtained using either tree heights or tree diameters only.
Results : The number of subtypes obtained using the tree diameter distribution for the calculation of dissimilarity was often the same as those obtained from the tree height distribution or to those using the bivariate distribution. However, classifications obtained using the three approaches were often different in terms of forest plot membership.
Conclusion : The proposed classification framework is particularly suited to define forest typologies from forest inventory data and allows taking advantage of the bivariate distribution of diameters and heights if both variables are measured. It can provide support to the development of typologies in situations where fine-scale variability of topographic, climatic, and legacy management factors leads to fine-scale variation in forest structure and composition, including uneven-aged and mixed stands.
Numéro de notice : A2019-183 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1007/s13595-019-0824-0 Date de publication en ligne : 12/04/2019 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-019-0824-0 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 76 n° 2 (June 2019)[article]