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Auteur Luc Barbaro
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur (2)
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Search for top‐down and bottom‐up drivers of latitudinal trends in insect herbivory in oak trees in Europe / Elena Valdés-Correcher in Global ecology and biogeography, vol 30 n° 3 (March 2021)
Titre : Search for top‐down and bottom‐up drivers of latitudinal trends in insect herbivory in oak trees in Europe Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Elena Valdés-Correcher, Auteur ; Xoaquín Moreira, Auteur ; Laurent Augusto, Auteur ; Luc Barbaro, Auteur ; Christophe Bouget, Auteur ; Olivier Bouriaud , Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Projets : 2-Pas d'info accessible - article non ouvert / Article en page(s) : pp 651 - 665 Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Aves
[Termes IGN] biochimie
[Termes IGN] dommage forestier causé par facteurs naturels
[Termes IGN] Europe (géographie politique)
[Termes IGN] feuille (végétation)
[Termes IGN] Quercus pedunculata
[Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation et changement climatique
Résumé : (auteur) Aim : The strength of species interactions is traditionally expected to increase toward the Equator. However, recent studies have reported opposite or inconsistent latitudinal trends in the bottom‐up (plant quality) and top‐down (natural enemies) forces driving herbivory. In addition, these forces have rarely been studied together thus limiting previous attempts to understand the effect of large‐scale climatic gradients on herbivory.
Location : Europe. Time period : 2018–2019. Major taxa studied : Quercus robur.
Methods : We simultaneously tested for latitudinal variation in plant–herbivore–natural enemy interactions. We further investigated the underlying climatic factors associated with variation in herbivory, leaf chemistry and attack rates in Quercus robur across its complete latitudinal range in Europe. We quantified insect leaf damage and the incidence of specialist herbivores as well as leaf chemistry and bird attack rates on dummy caterpillars on 261 oak trees.
Results : Climatic factors rather than latitude per se were the best predictors of the large‐scale (geographical) variation in the incidence of gall‐inducers and leaf‐miners as well as in leaf nutritional content. However, leaf damage, plant chemical defences (leaf phenolics) and bird attack rates were not influenced by climatic factors or latitude. The incidence of leaf‐miners increased with increasing concentrations of hydrolysable tannins, whereas the incidence of gall‐inducers increased with increasing leaf soluble sugar concentration and decreased with increasing leaf C : N ratios and lignins. However, leaf traits and bird attack rates did not vary with leaf damage.
Main conclusions : These findings help to refine our understanding of the bottom‐up and top‐down mechanisms driving geographical variation in plant–herbivore interactions, and indicate the need for further examination of the drivers of herbivory on trees.
Numéro de notice : A2021-178 Affiliation des auteurs : LIF+Ext (2020- ) Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1111/geb.13244 Date de publication en ligne : 31/12/2020 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13244 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Global ecology and biogeography > vol 30 n° 3 (March 2021) . - pp 651 - 665[article]Can school children support ecological research? Lessons from the Oak Bodyguard citizen science project / Bastien Castagneyrol in Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, vol 5 (2020)
Titre : Can school children support ecological research? Lessons from the Oak Bodyguard citizen science project Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Bastien Castagneyrol, Auteur ; Elena Valdés-Correcher, Auteur ; Audrey Bourdin, Auteur ; Luc Barbaro, Auteur ; Olivier Bouriaud , Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2020 Projets : COTE / Article en page(s) : n° 10, pp. 1–11 Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Société de l'information
[Termes IGN] écosystème
[Termes IGN] enseignement secondaire
[Termes IGN] erreur de mesure
[Termes IGN] qualité des données
[Termes IGN] science citoyenne
Résumé : (auteur) Scientific knowledge in the field of ecology is increasingly enriched by data acquired by the general public participating in citizen science (CS) programs. Yet, doubts remain about the reliability of such data, in particular when acquired by schoolchildren. We built upon an ongoing CS program, Oak Bodyguards, to assess the ability of schoolchildren to accurately estimate the strength of biotic interactions in terrestrial ecosystems. We used standardized protocols to estimate attack rates on artificial caterpillars and insect herbivory on oak leaves. We compared estimates made by schoolchildren with estimates made by professional scientists who had been trained in predation and herbivory assessments (henceforth, trained scientists), and trained scientists’ estimates with those made by professional scientists with or without expertise (untrained) in predation or herbivory assessment. Compared with trained scientists, both schoolchildren and untrained professional scientists overestimated attack rates, but assessments made by the latter were more consistent. Schoolchildren tended to overestimate insect herbivory, as did untrained professional scientists. Raw data acquired by schoolchildren participating in CS programs therefore require several quality checks by trained professional scientists before being used. However, such data are of no less value than data collected by untrained professional scientists. CS with schoolchildren can be a valuable tool for carrying out ecological research, provided that the data itself is acquired by professional scientists from material collected by citizens. Numéro de notice : A2020-331 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.5334/cstp.267/ Date de publication en ligne : 18/03/2020 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.5334/cstp.267/ Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Citizen Science: Theory and Practice > vol 5 (2020) . - n° 10, pp. 1–11[article]