Mention de date : 2023
Annals of Forest Science / Institut national de la recherche agronomique (1946 - 2019) . vol 80 n° 1
Paru le : 01/12/2023
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Linking structure and species richness to support forest biodiversity monitoring at large scales / Félix Storch in Annals of Forest Science, vol 80 n° 1 (2023)
Titre : Linking structure and species richness to support forest biodiversity monitoring at large scales Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Félix Storch, Auteur ; Steffen Boch, Auteur ; Martin M. Gossner, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 3 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Allemagne
[Termes IGN] biodiversité végétale
[Termes IGN] botanique systématique
[Termes IGN] écosystème forestier
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière durable
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier étranger (données)
[Termes IGN] peuplement mélangé
[Termes IGN] protection de la biodiversité
[Termes IGN] structure d'un peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] surveillance de la végétation
[Vedettes matières IGN] Ecologie forestière
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Authors have analyzed the possible correlation between measurements/indicators of forest structure and species richness of many taxonomic or functional groups over three regions of Germany. Results show the potential to use structural attributes as a surrogate for species richness of most of the analyzed taxonomic and functional groups. This information can be transferred to large-scale forest inventories to support biodiversity monitoring.
Context: We are currently facing a dramatic loss in biodiversity worldwide and this initiated many monitoring programs aiming at documenting further trends. However, monitoring species diversity directly is very resource demanding, in particular in highly diverse forest ecosystems.
Aims: We investigated whether variables applied in an index of stand structural diversity, which was developed based on forest attributes assessed in the German National Forest Inventory, can be calibrated against richness of forest-dwelling species within a wide range of taxonomic and functional groups.
Methods: We used information on forest structure and species richness that has been comprehensively assessed on 150 forest plots of the German biodiversity exploratories project, comprising a large range of management intensities in three regions. We tested, whether the forest structure index calculated for these forest plots well correlate with the number of species across 29 taxonomic and functional groups, assuming that the structural attributes applied in the index represent their habitat requirements.
Results: The strength of correlations between the structural variables applied in the index and number of species within taxonomic or functional groups was highly variable. For some groups such as Aves, Formicidae or vascular plants, structural variables had a high explanatory power for species richness across forest types. Species richness in other taxonomic and functional groups (e.g., soil and root-associated fungi) was not explained by individual structural attributes of the index. Results indicate that some taxonomic and functional groups depend on a high structural diversity, whereas others seem to be insensitive to it or even prefer structurally poor stands.
Conclusion: Therefore, combinations of forest stands with different degrees of structural diversity most likely optimize taxonomic diversity at the landscape level. Our results can support biodiversity monitoring through quantification of forest structure in large-scale forest inventories. Changes in structural variables over inventory periods can indicate changes in habitat quality for individual taxonomic groups and thus points towards national forest inventories being an effective tool to detect unintended effects of changes in forest management on biodiversity.
Numéro de notice : A2023-144 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1186/s13595-022-01169-1 Date de publication en ligne : 19/01/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-022-01169-1 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink : https://documentation.ensg.eu/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=102720
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 80 n° 1 (2023) . - n° 3[article]Forest age and topographic position jointly shape the species richness and composition of vascular plants in karstic habitats / Zoltán Bátori in Annals of Forest Science, vol 80 n° 1 (2023)
Titre : Forest age and topographic position jointly shape the species richness and composition of vascular plants in karstic habitats Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Zoltán Bátori, Auteur ; Csaba Tölgyesi, Auteur ; Gábor Li, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 16 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] âge du peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière
[Termes IGN] habitat d'espèce
[Termes IGN] karst
[Termes IGN] pente
[Termes IGN] topographie locale
[Termes IGN] Tracheophyta
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Dolines may provide important safe havens for many plant species and play a key role in maintaining biodiversity. The combined effects of forest age and topographic position influence the biodiversity patterns of these unique habitats. Forest managers, conservationists, and researchers need to work together in order to maintain the species richness and composition of these habitats under environmental changes.
Context: Dolines are the most prominent geomorphological features in many karst landscapes that may provide important microhabitats for many species.
Aims: We aim to contribute to a better understanding of how forest age and topographic position influence the plant species richness and composition of vascular plants within doline habitats.
Methods: We studied the effects of forest age (four age classes: from 5- to 10-year-old stands to more than 90-year-old stands), topographic position (south-facing slope, bottom, and north-facing slope), and their interaction on the distribution of vascular plants and mean Ellenberg indicator values in dolines using detrended correspondence analysis and mixed-effects models. Diagnostic species for the forest age classes and topographic positions were also determined.
Results: Different groups of vascular plant species usually showed significant preferences for certain topographic positions and/or forest age classes in dolines. In general, the number of species in all studied groups of plants increased after a few years of canopy removal. The number of plant species in almost all groups was lowest in dolines covered with 40–45-year-old forests. The moist and nutrient-rich doline bottoms covered with 90–120-year-old forests harboured many climate change vulnerable plant species.
Conclusions: Forest age and topographic position considerably influence the species richness and composition of vascular plants in dolines; therefore, forest managers and conservationists need to consider their potential impacts when evaluating the effects of climate warming on karst landscapes.
Numéro de notice : A2023-188 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1186/s13595-023-01183-x Date de publication en ligne : 31/03/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-023-01183-x Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink : https://documentation.ensg.eu/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=102967
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 80 n° 1 (2023) . - n° 16[article]