Termes IGN > foresterie > sylviculture
Arbres -- Techniques culturales,
Forêts -- Techniques culturales,
Forêts et sylviculture,
>> Industrie forestière,
Forêt -- Exploitation,
Voir aussi les vedettes commençant par Forêts ; Foresterie ; Sylviculture.
>>Terme(s) spécifique(s) :
Arbre -- Abattage,
Station forestière -- Typologie,
Coupe à blanc,
Equiv. LCSH : Forest and forestry.
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Forest age and topographic position jointly shape the species richness and composition of vascular plants in karstic habitats / Zoltán Bátori in Annals of Forest Science, vol 80 n° 1 (2023)
Titre : Forest age and topographic position jointly shape the species richness and composition of vascular plants in karstic habitats Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Zoltán Bátori, Auteur ; Csaba Tölgyesi, Auteur ; Gábor Li, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 16 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] âge du peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière
[Termes IGN] habitat d'espèce
[Termes IGN] karst
[Termes IGN] pente
[Termes IGN] topographie locale
[Termes IGN] Tracheophyta
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Dolines may provide important safe havens for many plant species and play a key role in maintaining biodiversity. The combined effects of forest age and topographic position influence the biodiversity patterns of these unique habitats. Forest managers, conservationists, and researchers need to work together in order to maintain the species richness and composition of these habitats under environmental changes.
Context: Dolines are the most prominent geomorphological features in many karst landscapes that may provide important microhabitats for many species.
Aims: We aim to contribute to a better understanding of how forest age and topographic position influence the plant species richness and composition of vascular plants within doline habitats.
Methods: We studied the effects of forest age (four age classes: from 5- to 10-year-old stands to more than 90-year-old stands), topographic position (south-facing slope, bottom, and north-facing slope), and their interaction on the distribution of vascular plants and mean Ellenberg indicator values in dolines using detrended correspondence analysis and mixed-effects models. Diagnostic species for the forest age classes and topographic positions were also determined.
Results: Different groups of vascular plant species usually showed significant preferences for certain topographic positions and/or forest age classes in dolines. In general, the number of species in all studied groups of plants increased after a few years of canopy removal. The number of plant species in almost all groups was lowest in dolines covered with 40–45-year-old forests. The moist and nutrient-rich doline bottoms covered with 90–120-year-old forests harboured many climate change vulnerable plant species.
Conclusions: Forest age and topographic position considerably influence the species richness and composition of vascular plants in dolines; therefore, forest managers and conservationists need to consider their potential impacts when evaluating the effects of climate warming on karst landscapes.
Numéro de notice : A2023-188 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1186/s13595-023-01183-x Date de publication en ligne : 31/03/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-023-01183-x Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science > vol 80 n° 1 (2023) . - n° 16[article]A remote sensing assessment index for urban ecological livability and its application / Junbo Yu in Geo-spatial Information Science, vol 26 n° inconnu ([01/08/2023])
Titre : A remote sensing assessment index for urban ecological livability and its application Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Junbo Yu, Auteur ; Xinghua Li, Auteur ; Xiaobin Guan, Auteur ; Huanfeng Shen, Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Applications de télédétection
[Termes IGN] afforestation
[Termes IGN] image Landsat-OLI
[Termes IGN] image Landsat-TM
[Termes IGN] indicateur environnemental
[Termes IGN] Wuhan (Chine)
[Termes IGN] zone urbaine dense
Mots-clés libres : The proposed Ecological Livability Index (ELI) covers five primary ecological indicators – greenness, temperature, dryness, water-wetness, and atmospheric turbidity – which are geometrically aggregated by non-equal weights based on an entropy method. Résumé : (auteur) Remote sensing provides us with an approach for the rapid identification and monitoring of spatiotemporal changes in the urban ecological environment at different scales. This study aimed to construct a remote sensing assessment index for urban ecological livability with continuous fine spatiotemporal resolution data from Landsat and MODIS to overcome the dilemma of single image-based, single-factor analysis, due to the limitations of atmospheric conditions or the revisit period of satellite platforms. The proposed Ecological Livability Index (ELI) covers five primary ecological indicators – greenness, temperature, dryness, water-wetness, and atmospheric turbidity – which are geometrically aggregated by non-equal weights based on an entropy method. Considering multisource time-series data of each indicator, the ELI can quickly and comprehensively reflect the characteristics of the Ecological Livability Quality (ELQ) and is also comparable at different time scales. Based on the proposed ELI, the urban ecological livability in the central urban area of Wuhan, China, from 2002 to 2017, in the different seasons was analyzed every 5 years. The ELQ of Wuhan was found to be generally at the medium level (ELI ≈0.6) and showed an initial trend of degradation but then improved. Moreover, the ecological livability in spring and autumn and near rivers and lakes was found to be better, whereas urban expansion has led to the outward ecological degradation of Wuhan, but urban afforestation has enhanced the environment. In general, this paper demonstrates that the ELI has an exemplary embodiment in urban ecological research, which will support urban ecological protection planning and construction. Numéro de notice : A2022-612 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : IMAGERIE/URBANISME Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1080/10095020.2022.2072775 Date de publication en ligne : 14/06/2022 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1080/10095020.2022.2072775 Permalink :
in Geo-spatial Information Science > vol 26 n° inconnu [01/08/2023][article]Developing alternatives to adaptive silviculture: Thinning and tree growth resistance to drought in a Pinus species on an elevated gradient in Southern Spain / Rafael M. Navarro-Cerrillo in Forest ecology and management, vol 537 (June-1 2023)
Titre : Developing alternatives to adaptive silviculture: Thinning and tree growth resistance to drought in a Pinus species on an elevated gradient in Southern Spain Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Rafael M. Navarro-Cerrillo, Auteur ; Antonio M. Cachinero-Vivar, Auteur ; Óscar Pérez-Priego, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 120936 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] croissance des arbres
[Termes IGN] dendroécologie
[Termes IGN] éclaircie (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] Espagne
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière adaptative
[Termes IGN] Pinus (genre)
[Termes IGN] régénération (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] sécheresse
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) Forest plantations are more vulnerable to the stress induced by biotic and abiotic factors than are naturally regenerated forests. These effects can be aggravated by a lack of management in large reforestation areas, and thinning could, therefore, help trees to reduce dieback and tree mortality related to drought. We address this question using a dendrochronology and modelling approach to improve the understanding of the growth response of high-density planted pine forests to thinning in drought-prone areas of Southern Spain. An experimental trial was, therefore, carried out with three species (Pinus halepensis, P. nigra, and P. sylvestris) and three thinning treatments (unthinned, moderate, and heavy thinning), after which growth-climate relationships and drought vulnerability indices were assessed. Three separate generalized linear mixed-effects models (GLMM), one for each species and location, were fitted using BAI as the response variable, and post-thinning growth trajectories and drought vulnerability indices were also simulated. Ten-year basal area showed strong growth responses following the thinning treatment (BAI10, 72% for P. halepensis and 50% for P. sylvestris as regards heavy thinning and 51% for P. nigra as regards moderate thinning), with different responses to precipitation and temperature according to species and thinning intensity. The significant effects of thinning on drought vulnerability indices indicated that the thinning treatments had a positive effect, irrespective of the pine species, although this was more evident in the case of P. sylvestris (recovery F = 28.10, p Numéro de notice : A2023-198 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2023.120936 Date de publication en ligne : 28/03/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2023.120936 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 537 (June-1 2023) . - n° 120936[article]Impacts of forest management on stand and landscape-level microclimate heterogeneity of European beech forests / Joscha H. Menge in Landscape ecology, vol 38 n° 4 (April 2023)
Titre : Impacts of forest management on stand and landscape-level microclimate heterogeneity of European beech forests Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Joscha H. Menge, Auteur ; Paul Magdon, Auteur ; Stephan Wöllauer, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : pp 903 - 917 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Lasergrammétrie
[Termes IGN] analyse comparative
[Termes IGN] données lidar
[Termes IGN] éclaircie (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] écosystème forestier
[Termes IGN] Fagus (genre)
[Termes IGN] forêt équienne
[Termes IGN] forêt inéquienne
[Termes IGN] gestion forestière
[Termes IGN] hêtraie
[Termes IGN] microclimat
[Termes IGN] régression multiple
[Termes IGN] semis de points
[Termes IGN] température de l'air
[Termes IGN] Thuringe
Résumé : (auteur) Context: Forest microclimate influences biodiversity and plays a crucial role in regulating forest ecosystem functions. It is modified by forest management as a result of changes in forest structure due to tree harvesting and thinning.
Objectives: Here, we investigate the impacts of even-aged and uneven-aged forest management on stand- and landscape-level heterogeneity of forest microclimates, in comparison with unmanaged, old-growth European beech forest.
Methods: We combined stand structural and topographical indices derived from airborne laser scanning with climate observations from 23 meteorological stations at permanent forest plots within the Hainich region, Germany. Based on a multiple linear regression model, we spatially interpolated the diurnal temperature range (DTR) as an indicator of forest microclimate across a 4338 ha section of the forest with 50 m spatial resolution. Microclimate heterogeneity was measured as α-, β-, and γ-diversity of thermal niches (i.e. DTR classes).
Results: Even-aged forests showed a higher γ-diversity of microclimates than uneven-aged and unmanaged forests. This was mainly due to a higher β-diversity resulting from the spatial coexistence of different forest developmental stages within the landscape. The greater structural complexity at the stand-level in uneven-aged stands did not increase α-diversity of microclimates. Predicted DTR was significantly lower and spatially more homogenous in unmanaged forest compared to both types of managed forest.
Conclusion: If forest management aims at creating a wide range of habitats with different microclimates within a landscape, spatially co-existing types of differently managed and unmanaged forests should be considered, instead of focusing on a specific type of management, or setting aside forest reserves only.
Numéro de notice : A2023-224 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article DOI : 10.1007/s10980-023-01596-z Date de publication en ligne : 30/01/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-023-01596-z Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Landscape ecology > vol 38 n° 4 (April 2023) . - pp 903 - 917[article]Improved parametrisation of a physically-based forest reflectance model for retrieval of boreal forest structural properties / Eelis Halme in Silva fennica, vol 57 n° 2 (April 2023)
Titre : Improved parametrisation of a physically-based forest reflectance model for retrieval of boreal forest structural properties Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Eelis Halme, Auteur ; Matti Mõttus, Auteur Année de publication : 2023 Article en page(s) : n° 22028 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Applications de télédétection
[Termes IGN] Betula pendula
[Termes IGN] betula pubescens
[Termes IGN] densité du peuplement
[Termes IGN] diagnostic foliaire
[Termes IGN] Finlande
[Termes IGN] forêt boréale
[Termes IGN] image Sentinel-MSI
[Termes IGN] modèle de croissance végétale
[Termes IGN] Picea abies
[Termes IGN] Pinus sylvestris
[Termes IGN] réflectance végétale
[Termes IGN] structure d'un peuplement forestier
Résumé : (auteur) Physically-based reflectance models offer a robust and transferable method to assess biophysical characteristics of vegetation in remote sensing. Forests exhibit explicit structure at many scales, from shoots and branches to landscape patches, and hence present a specific challenge to vegetation reflectance modellers. To relate forest reflectance with its structure, the complexity must be parametrised leading to an increase in the number of reflectance model inputs. The parametrisations link reflectance simulations to measurable forest variables, but at the same time rely on abstractions (e.g. a geometric surface forming a tree crown) and physically-based simplifications that are difficult to quantify robustly. As high-quality data on basic forest structure (e.g. tree height and stand density) and optical properties (e.g. leaf and forest floor reflectance) are becoming increasingly available, we used the well-validated forest reflectance and transmittance model FRT to investigate the effect of the values of the “uncertain” input parameters on the accuracy of modelled forest reflectance. With the state-of-the-art structural and spectral forest information, and Sentinel-2 Multispectral Instrument imagery, we identified that the input parameters influencing the most the modelled reflectance, given that the basic forestry variables are set to their true values and leaf mass is determined from reliable allometric models, are the regularity of the tree distribution and the amount of woody elements. When these parameters were set to their new adjusted values, the model performance improved considerably, reaching in the near infrared spectral region (740–950 nm) nearly zero bias, a relative RMSE of 13% and a correlation coefficient of 0.81. In the visible part of the spectrum, the model performance was not as consistent indicating room for improvement. Numéro de notice : A2023-228 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article DOI : 10.14214/sf.22028 Date de publication en ligne : 30/05/2023 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.22028 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Silva fennica > vol 57 n° 2 (April 2023) . - n° 22028[article]Keeping thinning-derived deadwood logs on forest floor improves soil organic carbon, microbial biomass, and enzyme activity in a temperate spruce forest / Meisam Nazari in European Journal of Forest Research, vol 142 n° 2 (April 2023)PermalinkRegeneration in European beech forests after drought: the effects of microclimate, deadwood and browsing / Dominik Thom in European Journal of Forest Research, vol 142 n° 2 (April 2023)PermalinkResource-based growth models reveal opportunities to mitigate climate change effects on beech regeneration by silvicultural measures / Jan F. Wilkens in Forest ecology and management, vol 532 (March-15 2023)PermalinkForests attenuate temperature and air pollution discomfort in montane tourist areas / Elena Gottardini in Forests, vol 14 n° 3 (March 2023)PermalinkMulti-sensor airborne lidar requires intercalibration for consistent estimation of light attenuation and plant area density / Grégoire Vincent in Remote sensing of environment, vol 286 (March 2023)PermalinkResilience of Pyrenean forests after recurrent historical deforestations / Valenti Rull in Forests, vol 14 n° 3 (March 2023)PermalinkUne sylviculture dynamique des chênaies sessiliflores favorise la résilience des arbres après une forte sécheresse / Anna Schmitt in Revue forestière française, vol 74 n° 1 (2023)PermalinkAmazon forest spectral seasonality is consistent across sensor resolutions and driven by leaf demography / Nathan B. Gonçalves in ISPRS Journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing, vol 196 (February 2023)PermalinkEvaluation of growth models for mixed forests used in Swedish and Finnish decision support systems / Jorge Aldea in Forest ecology and management, vol 529 (February-1 2023)PermalinkStochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis as a forest management priority mapping approach based on airborne laser scanning and field inventory data / Parvez Rana in Landscape and Urban Planning, vol 230 (February 2023)Permalink