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A meta-analysis of changes in soil organic carbon stocks after afforestation with deciduous broadleaved, sempervirent broadleaved, and conifer tree species / Guolong Hou in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 77 n° 4 (December 2020)
Titre : A meta-analysis of changes in soil organic carbon stocks after afforestation with deciduous broadleaved, sempervirent broadleaved, and conifer tree species Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Guolong Hou, Auteur ; Claudio O. Delang, Auteur ; Xixi Lu, Auteur ; Lei Gao, Auteur Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : 13 p. Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] afforestation
[Termes IGN] arbre caducifolié
[Termes IGN] arbre sempervirent
[Termes IGN] boisement artificiel
[Termes IGN] feuillu
[Termes IGN] Pinophyta
[Termes IGN] puits de carbone
[Termes IGN] sol
[Vedettes matières IGN] Ecologie forestière
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Different tree species have dissimilar capacities to sequester soil organic carbon (SOC). Deciduous broadleaved trees show the most stable increase in SOC stock after afforestation than other tree species, while sempervirent conifer trees show the lowest rate of SOC stock change. Sempervirent broadleaved trees show the greatest increase in SOC stock 20 years after afforestation.
Context: The rate at which soil organic carbon (SOC) stock changes after afforestation varies considerably with the tree species. A better understanding of the role of tree species in SOC change dynamic is needed to evaluate the SOC sequestration potential of afforestation programs.
Aims: The aim of this paper is to identify the dissimilar rates at which different tree species sequester SOC, following afforestation.
Methods: We complete a meta-analysis with 544 data points from 261 sites in 90 papers. We group tree species into decidious broadleved, sempervirent broadleaved and sempervirent conifer. We use standardization and/or extrapolation methods to standardize soil depths. Statistical analysis test the main effects of tree species and their interactions with previous land use and plantation age on SOC stock change after afforestation.
Results: Deciduous broadleaved trees show a stable increase in SOC stock, and are especially suited for afforestation of grassland or soils with high initial SOC. Sempervirent broadleaved afforestation results in loss of SOC stock in young stands, but greater SOC stock in mature stands. Sempervirent conifer trees show the lowest rate of SOC stock change, but are suitable for nutrient-poor soil.
Conclusion: The results emphasize the importance of considering tree species when estimating SOC stock change, in particular when carbon sequestration is an objective of afforestation programs.
Numéro de notice : A2020-590 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1007/s13595-020-00997-3 date de publication en ligne : 25/09/2020 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-020-00997-3 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne] > vol 77 n° 4 (December 2020) . - 13 p.[article]The crown condition of Norway spruce and occurrence of symptoms caused by Armillaria spp. in mixed stands / Petr Čermák in Journal of forest science, vol 66 n° 12 (December 2020)
Titre : The crown condition of Norway spruce and occurrence of symptoms caused by Armillaria spp. in mixed stands Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Petr Čermák, Auteur ; Zid Tomáš, Auteur Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : pp 483 – 491 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] abattage (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] défoliation
[Termes IGN] feuillu
[Termes IGN] Fungi
[Termes IGN] peuplement mélangé
[Termes IGN] Picea abies
[Termes IGN] République Tchèque
[Termes IGN] sécheresse
[Vedettes matières IGN] Végétation et changement climatique
Résumé : (auteur) Mixed stands are currently supported as effective management options to reduce forest vulnerability to climate change. However, our issues about benefits of mixtures, mechanisms of their incidence and conditions for their effectiveness have yet been only partly clarified. We assessed the crown condition of Norway spruce (Picea abies /L./ Karst) and occurrence of symptoms caused by Armillaria spp. on spruce in a small area in the Drahanská vrchovina Highlands (Czech Republic) in differently mixed stands in 2002 and 2019. We found that although the broadleaf abundance affected the total defoliation of Norway spruce, the effect was unstable in time. The observed effect of altitudinal zones and Norway spruce abundance on the occurrence of symptoms of Armillaria root rot in spruce was also unstable. The drought during recent four years and the implemented forestry measures (salvage and intermediate felling) can be reasons for the relationship instability. We did not identify any statistically significant relationship between tree species diversity (Simpson’s Index) and defoliation. Numéro de notice : A2020-802 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.17221/86/2020-JFS En ligne : https://doi.org/10.17221/86/2020-JFS Format de la ressource électronique : url article Permalink :
in Journal of forest science > vol 66 n° 12 (December 2020) . - pp 483 – 491[article]Use of non-destructive test methods on Irish hardwood standing trees and small-diameter round timber for prediction of mechanical properties / Daniel F. Llana in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 77 n° 3 (September 2020)
Titre : Use of non-destructive test methods on Irish hardwood standing trees and small-diameter round timber for prediction of mechanical properties Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Daniel F. Llana, Auteur ; Ian Short, Auteur ; Annette M. Harte, Auteur Année de publication : 2020 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Acer pseudoplatanus
[Termes IGN] acoustique
[Termes IGN] Betula pendula
[Termes IGN] betula pubescens
[Termes IGN] bois sur pied
[Termes IGN] densité du bois
[Termes IGN] diamètre des arbres
[Termes IGN] éclaircie (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] élagage (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] élasticité
[Termes IGN] feuillu
[Termes IGN] Fraxinus (genre)
[Termes IGN] Fraxinus excelsior
[Termes IGN] Irlande
[Termes IGN] modèle de simulation
[Termes IGN] résonance
[Termes IGN] vent
[Vedettes matières IGN] Sylviculture
Résumé : (auteur) Key message: Mechanical properties of small-diameter round timber from hardwood thinnings of common alder ( Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.), European ash ( Fraxinus excelsior L.), European birch ( Betula pendula Roth. and Betula pubescens Ehrh.), and sycamore ( Acer pseudoplatanus L.) can be evaluated by non-destructive testing on either standing trees or green logs without wood density determination. Velocity differences between acoustic and resonance methods are influenced by tree species and age. Tree diameter improves the estimation of bending strength but not of stiffness.
Context: There is a need for a reliable, fast, and inexpensive evaluation method to better sort hardwood thinnings according to mechanical properties for use in potential added-value applications.
Aims: The estimation by non-destructive testing of mechanical properties of round small-diameter timber of four hardwood species (common alder, European ash, European birch, and sycamore).
Methods: Acoustic velocity was measured in 38 standing trees and resonance velocity was recorded in green logs from these trees. The logs were then dried and tested in bending. Estimation models to predict mechanical properties from non-destructive testing measurements were developed.
Results: Large differences between velocities from acoustic and resonance techniques were found. Models based on both non-destructive testing velocities together with a species factor are well correlated with bending modulus of elasticity while models including tree diameter are moderately well correlated with bending strength. Inclusion of density in the models does not improve the estimation.
Conclusion: Models based on acoustic measurements on standing trees or resonance on green logs together with tree species and diameter provide reliable estimates of mechanical properties of round timber from hardwood thinnings. This methodology can be easily used for pre-sorting material in the forest.
Numéro de notice : A2020-403 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1007/s13595-020-00957-x date de publication en ligne : 17/06/2020 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-020-00957-x Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne] > vol 77 n° 3 (September 2020)[article]How far can we trust forestry estimates from low-density LiDAR acquisitions? The Cutfoot Sioux experimental forest (MN, USA) case study / Enrico Borgogno Mondino in International Journal of Remote Sensing IJRS, vol 41 n°12 (20 - 30 March 2020)
Titre : How far can we trust forestry estimates from low-density LiDAR acquisitions? The Cutfoot Sioux experimental forest (MN, USA) case study Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Enrico Borgogno Mondino, Auteur ; Vanina Fissore, Auteur ; Michael J. Falkowski, Auteur ; Brian Palik, Auteur Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : pp 4551 - 4569 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Lasergrammétrie
[Termes IGN] auscultation topographique
[Termes IGN] diamètre des arbres
[Termes IGN] données dendrométriques
[Termes IGN] données lidar
[Termes IGN] feuillu
[Termes IGN] hauteur des arbres
[Termes IGN] image Landsat-OLI
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier local
[Termes IGN] Minnesota (Etats-Unis)
[Termes IGN] modèle d'erreur
[Termes IGN] Pinophyta
[Termes IGN] semis de points
[Termes IGN] structure d'un peuplement forestier
[Termes IGN] surface forestière
[Termes IGN] télémètre laser aéroporté
Résumé : (auteur) Aerial discrete return LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) technology (ALS – Aerial Laser Scanner) is now widely used for forest characterization due to its high accuracy in measuring vertical and horizontal forest structure. Random and systematic errors can still occur and these affect the native point cloud, ultimately degrading ALS data accuracy, especially when adopting datasets that were not natively designed for forest applications. A detailed understanding of how uncertainty of ALS data could affect the accuracy of derivable forest metrics (e.g. tree height, stem diameter, basal area) is required, looking for eventual error biases that can be possibly modelled to improve final accuracy. In this work a low-density ALS dataset, originally acquired by the State of Minnesota (USA) for non-forestry related purposes (i.e. topographic mapping), was processed attempting to characterize forest inventory parameters for the Cutfoot Sioux Experimental Forest (north-central Minnesota, USA). Since accuracy of estimates strictly depends on the applied species-specific dendrometric models a first required step was to map tree species over the forest. A rough classification, aiming at separating conifers from broadleaf, was achieved by processing a Landsat 8 OLI (Operational Land Imager) scene. ALS-derived forest metrics initially greatly overestimated those measured at the ground in 230 plots. Conversely, ALS-derived tree density was greatly underestimated. To reduce ALS uncertainty, trees belonging to the dominated plane were removed from the ground dataset, assuming that they could not properly be detected by low-density ALS measures. Consequently, MAE (Mean Absolute Error) values significantly decreased to 4.0 m for tree height and to 0.19 cm for diameter estimates. Remaining discrepancies were related to a bias affecting the native ALS point cloud, which was modelled and removed. Final MAE values were 1.32 m for tree height, 0.08 m for diameter, 8.5 m2 ha−1 for basal area, and 0.06 m for quadratic mean diameter. Specifically focusing on tree height and diameter estimates, the significance of differences between ground and ALS estimates was tested relative to the expected ‘best accuracy’. Results showed that after correction: 94.35% of tree height differences were lower than the corresponding reference value (2.86 m); 70% of tree diameter differences were lower than the corresponding reference value (4.5 cm for conifers and 6.8 cm for broadleaf). Finally, forest parameters were computed for the whole Cutfoot Sioux Experimental Forest. Main findings include: 1) all forest estimates based on a low-density ALS point cloud can be derived at plot level and not at a tree level; 2) tree height estimates obtained by low-density ALS point clouds at the plot level are highly reasonably accurate only after testing and modelling eventual error bias; 3) diameter, basal area, and quadratic mean diameter estimates have large uncertainties, suggesting the need for a higher point density and, probably, a better mapping of tree species (if possible) than achieved with a remote sensing-based approach. Numéro de notice : A2020-450 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1080/01431161.2020.1723173 date de publication en ligne : 20/02/2020 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2020.1723173 Format de la ressource électronique : url article Permalink :
in International Journal of Remote Sensing IJRS > vol 41 n°12 (20 - 30 March 2020) . - pp 4551 - 4569[article]This is my spot: What are the characteristics of the trees excavated by the Black Woodpecker? A case study in two managed French forests / Camille Puverel in Forest ecology and management, vol 453 (1 December 2019)
Titre : This is my spot: What are the characteristics of the trees excavated by the Black Woodpecker? A case study in two managed French forests Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Camille Puverel, Auteur ; Anick Abourachid, Auteur ; Christine Böhmer, Auteur ; Jean-Michel Leban , Auteur ; Miroslav Svoboda, Auteur ; Yoan Paillet, Auteur Année de publication : 2019 Projets : AVINECK / Abourachid, Anick Article en page(s) : n° 117621 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Ecologie
[Termes IGN] Aves
[Termes IGN] Fagus (genre)
[Termes IGN] feuillu
[Termes IGN] habitat (nature)
[Termes IGN] habitat forestier
Résumé : (auteur) The Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius L.) is both an ecosystem engineer and an umbrella species: it has the capacity to modify its environment through cavity excavation, which in turn favors a large range of species that depend on cavities but are unable to dig them themselves (secondary cavity nesters). However, the factors driving cavity excavation by the Black woodpecker at the tree scale remain poorly known. We analyzed the characteristics of trees bearing Black Woodpecker cavities to assess the bird's local habitat requirements and their conservation potential as habitat trees. We compared the traits and characteristics of trees bearing Black Woodpecker cavities (n = 60) and control trees (n = 56) in two managed lowland broadleave-dominated forests in France. We hypothesized that: (i) Cavity-trees would have lower wood density and display more conks of fungi than control-trees; (ii) The local environment of cavity-trees would be less crowded than those of the control trees. In particular, the first branch would be higher up, and their first neighboring tree would be further away from cavity-trees compared to control-trees; (iii) Cavity-trees would display a higher number of other woodpecker cavities and more saproxylic microhabitats than the control-trees. We validated most of our hypotheses and showed that cavity trees differed significantly from their control counterparts. Black Woodpeckers excavate trees with softer wood and higher first branches in a less crowded environment, thus minimizing both the energy dedicated to cavity excavation and predation risk. Second, cavity-trees bear more microhabitats and play a complementary umbrella role than what was documented before. They also appear a good candidate for habitat-tree conservation. In terms of biodiversity-friendly management measures, it would be beneficial to favor large isolated standing trees devoid of low branches (notably beech), especially in stands dominated by other tree species. Numéro de notice : A2019-538 Affiliation des auteurs : LIF+Ext (2012-2019) Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117621 date de publication en ligne : 09/10/2019 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117621 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 453 (1 December 2019) . - n° 117621[article]Mapping dead forest cover using a deep convolutional neural network and digital aerial photography / Jean-Daniel Sylvain in ISPRS Journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing, vol 156 (October 2019)PermalinkRéflexions d’une paysagiste sur la progression des boisements spontanés dans les Alpes et les Pyrénées / Françoise Copin in Revue forestière française [en ligne], vol 71 n° 4-5 (2019)PermalinkIncreasing precision for French forest inventory estimates using the k-NN technique with optical and photogrammetric data and model-assisted estimators / Dinesh Babu Irulappa Pillai Vijayakumar in Remote sensing, vol 11 n° 8 (August 2019)PermalinkComparison of three algorithms to estimate tree stem diameter from terrestrial laser scanner data / Joris Ravaglia in Forests, vol 10 n° 7 (July 2019)PermalinkLeaf area density from airborne LiDAR: Comparing sensors and resolutions in a temperate broadleaf forest ecosystem / Aaron G. Kamoske in Forest ecology and management, vol 433 (15 February 2019)PermalinkForest conversion from Norway spruce to European beech increases species richness and functional structure of aboveground macrofungal communities / Peggy Heine in Forest ecology and management, vol 432 (15 January 2019)PermalinkBridging the gap: toward a French MS-NFI for territories / Jean-Pierre Renaud (2019)PermalinkRéévaluation de la ressource et de la disponibilité en bois d’oeuvre des essences feuillues et conifères en France / Philippe Monchaux (2019)PermalinkDetecting the competition between Moso bamboos and broad-leaved trees in mixed forests using a terrestrial laser scanner / Yingjie Yan in Forests, vol 9 n° 9 (September 2018)PermalinkFactors affecting forest dynamics in the Iberian Peninsula from 1987 to 2012 : The role of topography and drought / Juan José Vidal-Macua in Forest ecology and management, vol 406 (15 December 2017)Permalink