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Forest floor bryophyte and lichen diversity in Scots pine and Norway spruce production forests / Lisa Petersson in Forest ecology and management, vol 493 (1st August 2021)
Titre : Forest floor bryophyte and lichen diversity in Scots pine and Norway spruce production forests Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Lisa Petersson, Auteur ; Staffan Nilsson, Auteur ; Emma Hölmstrom, Auteur ; et al., Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Article en page(s) : n° 119210 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Bryophyte
[Termes IGN] écosystème forestier
[Termes IGN] lichen
[Termes IGN] phytosociologie
[Termes IGN] Picea abies
[Termes IGN] Pinophyta
[Termes IGN] Pinus sylvestris
[Termes IGN] sol forestier
[Termes IGN] Suède
[Vedettes matières IGN] Ecologie forestière
Résumé : (auteur) Bryophytes and lichens are two main components of the forest floor vegetation. They provide essential ecosystem services, including nutrient recycling and water regulation. Here, we contrast the species richness, cover and community composition of forest floor bryophytes and lichens in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) dominated production forests. The study sites were located in the hemiboreal zone of southern Sweden, and represented early-, mid- and late rotation stands. Our aim was to examine the potential consequences for forest floor biodiversity from the decreasing use of Scots pine production forests in this region. Whereas Scots pine and Norway spruce stands did not differ in bryophyte cover, we found a higher cover of lichens in Scots pine stands, and highest in the intermediate aged stands. Also the species richness of lichens was higher in the Scots pine stands, while bryophyte species richness was higher in the Norway spruce stands. Differences in canopy cover and associated light transmittance to the forest floor appears to be important drivers for distinctive different forest floor communities in the Scots pine and Norway spruce stands, as revealed by Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS). Mean Ellenberg indicator values for bryophytes and lichens showed that species associated with Scots pine stands were characterized by their tolerance of brighter conditions, higher insolation, and better adaptation to a continental climate. Norway spruce stands instead had a comparably larger proportion of species tolerating lower light, but also indicators of higher available nutrient levels, humidity, and pH. The outcome of the Ellenberg indicator species analysis, as well as the larger cover of lichens,and adaptations to drought found among some mosses, revealed that forest floor communities are shaped by different environmental factors in Scots pine and Norway spruce production stands. These environmental differences, and the quantified shifts in forest floor communities identified in this study, indicate the large shifts in understory bryophyte and lichen species composition and abundance that is likely to occur if Scots pine stands are converted to Norway spruce. Numéro de notice : A2021-459 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : BIODIVERSITE/FORET Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119210 date de publication en ligne : 03/05/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119210 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 493 (1st August 2021) . - n° 119210[article]Detecting structural changes induced by Heterobasidion root rot on Scots pines using terrestrial laser scanning / Timo P Pitkänen in Forest ecology and management, vol 492 (15 July 2021)
Titre : Detecting structural changes induced by Heterobasidion root rot on Scots pines using terrestrial laser scanning Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Timo P Pitkänen, Auteur ; Tuula Piri, Auteur ; Aleski Lehtonen, Auteur ; Mikko Peltoniemi, Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Article en page(s) : n° 119239 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Lasergrammétrie
[Termes IGN] arbre mort
[Termes IGN] détection de changement
[Termes IGN] diamètre à hauteur de poitrine
[Termes IGN] données lidar
[Termes IGN] Finlande
[Termes IGN] Fungi
[Termes IGN] houppier
[Termes IGN] maladie phytosanitaire
[Termes IGN] Pinus sylvestris
[Termes IGN] semis de points
Résumé : (auteur) Root rot, caused by the decay fungus Heterobasidion annosum, damages both below- and above-ground parts of Scots pines (Pinus Sylvestris L.). The diseased pines are often first characterized by deteriorated crowns and they will eventually be killed by the infection, but the process is gradual and difficult to be observed before the symptoms are severe. We tested the applicability of point cloud data produced by terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) for quantifying the structural differences between the healthy and the diseased trees. This approach was applied in a mature pine stand in southern Finland, which was known to be infected by H. annosum. We first scanned the stand using TLS, and thereafter felled the trees for detailed inspection and classification of the infection status. From the TLS point cloud, we estimated i) crosscut areas within the lowest 1 m of the stem, identifying potential deformations initiated by the fungus, ii) degree of crown deterioration, often providing the first visual signs of the infection at the level of individual trees, and iii) crown occupancy and open space around the trees, prone to be altered by the mycelial spread of the fungus between the adjacent trees. The results indicate that differences in both stem dimensions and crown deterioration can be detected between the healthy and the diseased trees. The diseased trees were found to have a more swollen butt, but no irregularities in circularity of the crosscuts were detected. In terms of vertical point distribution, the diseased trees had point accumulations at substantially greater heights, reflecting easier penetration of laser beams and sparsity of the crown. Regarding to crown occupancy, the diseased trees had more open space around their crowns, but difference to the healthy trees was not statistically significant. According to a simple prediction test based on the calculated features, up to 85% classification accuracy of the infection status was reached. This study is the first indication that TLS can successfully be applied for detecting structural changes of Scots pines connected to Heterobasidion root rot. Our results also show evidence that H. annosum causes butt swelling, which has rarely been reported as a symptom for Scots pines. Numéro de notice : A2021-457 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119239 date de publication en ligne : 29/04/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119239 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 492 (15 July 2021) . - n° 119239[article]The presence of shade-intolerant conifers facilitates the regeneration of Quercus petraea in mixed stands / Jeremy Borderieux in Forest ecology and management, vol 491 (1st July 2021)
Titre : The presence of shade-intolerant conifers facilitates the regeneration of Quercus petraea in mixed stands Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Jeremy Borderieux, Auteur ; Yoan Paillet, Auteur ; Marine Dalmasso , Auteur ; Anders Mårell, Auteur ; Thomas Pérot, Auteur ; Patrick Vallet, Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Projets : 1-Pas de projet / Article en page(s) : n° 119189 Note générale : bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Termes IGN] Cervidae
[Termes IGN] évapotranspiration
[Termes IGN] inventaire forestier national (données France)
[Termes IGN] peuplement mélangé
[Termes IGN] Pinophyta
[Termes IGN] Quercus sessiliflora
[Termes IGN] régénération (sylviculture)
[Termes IGN] sol forestier
[Termes IGN] température de surface
[Vedettes matières IGN] Foresterie
Résumé : (auteur) Positive productivity-diversity relationships, pest-effect mitigation and increased resilience and stability maintain an ongoing interest for mixed stands in forestry. However, how mixing species affects forest regeneration is yet to be further explored.
We used data from the French National Forest Inventory (from 2006 to 2016) to model Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl regeneration cover in pure and mixed Quercus petraea stands; we included the effects of abiotic and biotic factors as well as mixture. We hypothesized that the characteristics of the companion species would prevent or facilitate the regeneration of oak.
Quercus petraea regeneration cover in this study responded negatively to total canopy cover and herbivory pressure. Mean July potential evapotranspiration (PET), mean December maximal temperature and soil pH are variables whose spatial variations over a given territory structure regeneration cover; all three of these variables have optimum values. Quercus petraea regeneration cover is linked to the proportion of Quercus petraea in the canopy layer in all mixed stands, except when the oak is mixed with shade-intolerant conifers: in this case, Quercus petraea regeneration is enhanced. The shade tolerance of admixed broadleaved species did not affect the Quercus petraea regeneration. This suggests that oak regeneration was facilitated with a shade-intolerant coniferous companion species due to better light transmittance through the crown or the competitive advantage of Quercus petraea over coniferous shade-intolerant species.
These results are of interest for oak mixtures since Quercus petraea regeneration cover benefits from mixtures with shade-intolerant conifers and is at least equal to that of pure stands.
Numéro de notice : A2021-309 Affiliation des auteurs : IGN+Ext (2020- ) Thématique : FORET Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119189 date de publication en ligne : 08/04/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119189 Format de la ressource électronique : URL article Permalink :
in Forest ecology and management > vol 491 (1st July 2021) . - n° 119189[article]Altimétrie laser et surveillance / Laurent Polidori in Géomètre, n° 2192 (juin 2021)
Titre : Altimétrie laser et surveillance Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Laurent Polidori, Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Article en page(s) : pp 18-18 Langues : Français (fre) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Lasergrammétrie
[Termes IGN] altimétrie satellitaire par laser
[Termes IGN] biomasse forestière
[Termes IGN] calotte glaciaire
[Termes IGN] changement climatique
[Termes IGN] données IceSat-Glas
[Termes IGN] écosystème forestier
[Termes IGN] fonte des glaces
[Termes IGN] précision altimétrique
[Termes IGN] surveillance forestière
Résumé : (Auteur) Un laser en orbite observe les forêts tropicales et les calottes polaires pour mesurer le réchauffement climatique. Numéro de notice : A2021-376 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtSansCL DOI : sans date de publication en ligne : 08/06/2021 Permalink :
in Géomètre > n° 2192 (juin 2021) . - pp 18-18[article]An innovative and automated method for characterizing wood defects on trunk surfaces using high-density 3D terrestrial LiDAR data / Van-Tho Nguyen in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 78 n° 2 (June 2021)
Titre : An innovative and automated method for characterizing wood defects on trunk surfaces using high-density 3D terrestrial LiDAR data Type de document : Article/Communication Auteurs : Van-Tho Nguyen, Auteur ; Thiéry Constant, Auteur ; Francis Colin, Auteur Année de publication : 2021 Article en page(s) : Article 32 Note générale : Bibliographie Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteur : [Vedettes matières IGN] Lasergrammétrie
[Termes IGN] analyse comparative
[Termes IGN] apprentissage automatique
[Termes IGN] détection d'anomalie
[Termes IGN] données de terrain
[Termes IGN] données lidar
[Termes IGN] données localisées 3D
[Termes IGN] écorce
[Termes IGN] Fagus sylvatica
[Termes IGN] qualité du bois
[Termes IGN] Quercus sessiliflora
[Termes IGN] segmentation d'image
[Termes IGN] télémétrie laser terrestre
[Termes IGN] tronc
Résumé : (Auteur) We designed a novel method allowing to automatically detect and measure defects on the surface of trunks including branches, branch scars, and epicormics from terrestrial LiDAR data by using only high-density 3D information. We could automatically detect and measure the defects with a diameter as small as 0.5 cm on either oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) or beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) trees that display either rough or smooth bark.
Context : Ground-based light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology describes standing trees with a high level of detail. This provides an opportunity to assess standing tree quality and to use this information in forest inventory. Assuming the availability of a very high level of detail, we could extract information about the surface defects, mainly inherited from past ramification and having a strong impact on wood quality.
Aims : Within the general framework of the development of a computing method able to detect, identify, and quantify the defects on the trunk surface described from 3D data produced by a terrestrial LiDAR, this study focuses on the relevance of the whole process for two tree species with contrasted bark roughness (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. and Fagus sylvatica L.) in terms of detection, identification of the defects, and comparison with measurements performed manually on the bark surface.
Methods : First, a segmentation algorithm detected singularities on the trunk surface. Next, a Random Forests machine learning algorithm identified the most probable defect type and allowed the elimination of false detections. Finally, we estimated the position, horizontal, and vertical dimensions of each defect from 3D data, and we compared them to those observed directly on the trunk by an operator.
Results : The defects were detected and classified with a high accuracy with an average F1
score (harmonic mean of precision and recall) of 0.74. There were differences in computed and observed defect areas, but a much closer agreement for the number of defects.
Conclusion : The information about the defects present on the trunk surface measured from terrestrial LiDAR data can be used in an automated procedure for grading standing trees or roundwoods.
Numéro de notice : A2021-326 Affiliation des auteurs : non IGN Thématique : FORET/IMAGERIE Nature : Article nature-HAL : ArtAvecCL-RevueIntern DOI : 10.1007/s13595-020-01022-3 date de publication en ligne : 01/04/2021 En ligne : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-020-01022-3 Format de la ressource électronique : URL Article Permalink :
in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne] > vol 78 n° 2 (June 2021) . - Article 32[article]Application of feature selection methods and machine learning algorithms for saltmarsh biomass estimation using Worldview-2 imagery / Sikdar M. M. Rasel in Geocarto international, vol 36 n° 10 ([01/06/2021])PermalinkCharacterization of mixed and monospecific stands of Scots pine and Maritime pine: soil profile, physiography, climate and vegetation cover data / Daphne Lopez-Marcos in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 78 n° 2 (June 2021)PermalinkDirect analysis in real-time (DART) time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) of wood reveals distinct chemical signatures of two species of Afzelia / Peter Kitin in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 78 n° 2 (June 2021)PermalinkEvaluating the performance of hyperspectral leaf reflectance to detect water stress and estimation of photosynthetic capacities / Jingjing Zhou in Remote sensing, vol 13 n° 11 (June-1 2021)PermalinkForest height estimation from a robust TomoSAR method in the case of small tomographic aperture with airborne dataset at L-band / Xing Peng in Remote sensing, vol 13 n° 11 (June-1 2021)PermalinkIdentifying the effects of chronic saltwater intrusion in coastal floodplain swamps using remote sensing / Elliott White Jr in Remote sensing of environment, vol 258 (June 2021)PermalinkImproving tree biomass models through crown ratio patterns and incomplete data sources / Maria Menéndez-Miguélez in European Journal of Forest Research, vol 140 n° 3 (June 2021)PermalinkModel-based estimation of forest canopy height and biomass in the Canadian boreal forest using radar, LiDAR, and optical remote sensing / Michael L. Benson in IEEE Transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, vol 59 n° 6 (June 2021)PermalinkProvisioning forest and conservation science with high-resolution maps of potential distribution of major European tree species under climate change / Debojyoti Chakraborty in Annals of Forest Science [en ligne], vol 78 n° 2 (June 2021)PermalinkWalking through the forests of the future: using data-driven virtual reality to visualize forests under climate change / Jiawei Huang in International journal of geographical information science IJGIS, vol 35 n° 6 (June 2021)Permalink